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Body-Worn Camera Laws Database

Details: The body-camera laws in all those states except South Carolina were put in place within the last year. Prior to May 2020, South Carolina was the only state to require widespread adoption of body-worn cameras. The New Jersey and South Carolina laws make implementation of body-camera programs contingent on funding from the legislature.

› Verified 9 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/civil-and-criminal-justice/body-worn-cameras-interactive-graphic.aspx Go Now

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Legislatures Require Police Body Camera Use Statewide

Details: The body-camera laws in all those states except South Carolina were put in place within the last year. Prior to May 2020, South Carolina was the only state to require widespread adoption of body-worn cameras. The New Jersey and South Carolina laws make implementation of body-camera programs contingent on funding from the legislature.

› Verified 8 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/civil-and-criminal-justice/legislatures-require-police-body-camera-use-statewide-magazine2021.aspx Go Now

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State School Bus Stop-Arm Camera Laws

Details: At least 23 states have school bus stop-arm camera laws. In 2019, Idaho, Indiana, Maine, New York, Oklahoma, Tennessee and West Virginia authorized localities or school districts to use school bus stop-arm cameras. Pennsylvania did so in 2018, and in the 2017 legislative session, Arkansas and Utah passed legislation to allow school bus stop-arm

› Verified 7 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/state-school-bus-stop-arm-camera-laws.aspx Go Now

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States Increase Use of Traffic Cameras to Counter Surge in

Details: The funds will be used to establish a statewide red-light imaging detector system pilot program. This legislation follows a 2020 law that authorized a red-light camera demonstration program for at least two years in Honolulu beginning Jan. 1, 2021. The 2020 law addressed using third-party contractors, set maximum fines for first and repeat

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/states-increase-use-of-traffic-cameras-to-counter-surge-in-unsafe-driving-magazine2021.aspx Go Now

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Enforcing Traffic Laws with Red-Light and Speed Cameras

Details: Red-light cameras link to traffic signals and monitor the green, yellow and red phases of traffic lights. After the light turns red, the camera takes a picture before the vehicle enters the intersection and again when the vehicle is in the intersection. Both photos must show the signal in the red phase in order to issue a citation.

› Verified 5 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/enforcing-traffic-laws-with-red-light-and-speed-cameras.aspx Go Now

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Red-Light Camera Traffic Enforcement

Details: Ideal red-light camera programs increase the odds that red-light runners are held accountable, discourage would-be violators by publicizing the programs, and focus on safety outcomes rather than increasing revenue. Studies from IIHS show that red-light cameras reduce fatal red …

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/red-light-camera-traffic-enforcement.aspx Go Now

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Catching Unlawful School Bus Passers With Cameras

Details: North Carolina’s original school bus camera law was backed by the state’s Child Fatality Task Force, which was created in 1991 by the legislature. Legislation in 2013 created minimum fines for illegal passing, revocation of the driver’s license for a second offense within three years, and stiffer penalties for striking and/or killing a

› Verified 9 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/catching-unlawful-school-bus-passers-with-cameras.aspx Go Now

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What Does the Latest Research Say About Body-Worn …

Details: Critical incidents like the one involving Scott have spurred legislative attention on body camera policies over the last few legislative sessions. There is a growing body of resources available to legislators when deciding if body-worn cameras, along with their data, are worth their cost to purchase, train, operate and maintain in states.

› Verified 9 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/blog/2017/11/20/what-does-the-latest-research-say-about-body-worn-cameras.aspx Go Now

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Automated Enforcement Overview

Details: Automated Enforcement Overview. Red-light-running crashes caused approximately 139,000 injuries and 846 fatalities in 2018, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). Speed also is a factor in thousands of vehicle crashes each year. Nearly 9,400 deaths, or 26% of all motor vehicle fatalities, occurred in speed-related

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Eyes on Crime: Police Body-Worn Cameras 2015 Legislative

Details: Overview. Officials of the Seattle Police Department discuss their pilot program on body-worn cameras. See use of cameras, view video records and learn about and discuss the potential benefits and drawbacks of body-worn cameras in addressing public confidence in policing.

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/civil-and-criminal-justice/eyes-on-crime-police-body-worn-camera-2015-legislative-summit.aspx Go Now

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Automated License Plate Readers: State Statutes

Details: Automated License Plate Readers: State Statutes. Automated/automatic license plate readers (ALPRs) capture computer-readable images that allow law enforcement to compare plate numbers against plates of stolen cars or cars driven by individuals wanted on criminal charges. The devices are mounted on police cars, road signs or traffic lights and

› Verified 7 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/telecommunications-and-information-technology/state-statutes-regulating-the-use-of-automated-license-plate-readers-alpr-or-alpr-data.aspx Go Now

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Private Use of Mobile Tracking Devices

Details: The Connecticut law does not mention GPS devices specifically, but defines “electronic monitoring” by employers as the collection of employee activities or communications “by any means other than direct observation, including the use of a computer, telephone, wire, radio, camera, electromagnetic, photoelectronic or photo-optical systems.”

› Verified 9 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/telecommunications-and-information-technology/private-use-of-mobile-tracking-devices.aspx Go Now

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Automated License Plate Readers

Details: Automated license plate readers (ALPRs) capture computer-readable images of license plates. As ALPR use has increased, state lawmakers have begun to address the complex issues they raise about privacy and appropriate uses of the data.

› Verified 2 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/telecommunications-and-information-technology/automated-license-plate-readers.aspx Go Now

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South Carolina First State to Require Body-Worn Police

Details: To learn more about body-worn camera legislation and policies, visit NCSL’s law enforcement webpage or attend NCSL’s Legislative Summit, Aug. 2-6 in Seattle, Wash. The session addressing body-worn camera issues is from 2 to 3:15 p.m. Aug. 4 and features Michael Wagers, chief operating officer of the Seattle Police Department.

› Verified 4 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/blog/2015/06/10/south-carolina-first-state-to-require-body-worn-police-cameras.aspx Go Now

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New NCSL Resources for Police Body Cameras > National

Details: Overall, 25 states and D.C. have laws that address police body camera policy. To read summaries and citations for each state’s law and find the latest resources and research on body-worn cameras, visit NCSL’s new web page. Rich Williams is a policy specialist in NCSL's Criminal Justice program. Email Rich

› Verified 4 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/blog/2016/04/12/new-ncsl-resources-for-police-body-cameras.aspx Go Now

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Red-light Safety Cameras

Details: Independent, peer-reviewed studies prove that camera programs reduce red light running violations by 40-50 percent and crashes by 30 percent. Right-angle T-bone crashes often decrease a few months after camera installation. In fact, they have proven to save lives. IIHS Study: Red light cameras saved 159 lives in 2004-08 in 14 of the biggest US

› Verified 9 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/documents/summit/summit2014/onlineresources/BabulskiPresentation.pdf Go Now

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Legislative Responses for Policing-State Bill Tracking

Details: Body-Worn Camera Laws Database (2018) State Legislatures Magazine: Police, Policy, People (2018) Our American States Podcast - Law Enforcement: Reform, Accountability and Communication (Oct. 2019) Criminal Justice System Responses to COVID-19 (April 2020) Law Enforcement Statutory Database (Jan. 2021)

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/civil-and-criminal-justice/legislative-responses-for-policing.aspx Go Now

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Sen. West Body Camera PowerPoint

Details: body camera equipment, may use privately-owned equipment. Law requires the agency to ensure equipment security and compatibility. SB 158 on Body-Worn Cameras Use of privately-owned equipment. SB158 allows local department policy to determine when an officer activates the body-worn camera.

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› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/documents/summit/summit2015/onlineresources/Sen-West-Body-camera-PowerPoint.pdf Go Now

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Traffic Safety Trends State Legislative Action 2020

Details: New York City (Intro 971) enacted the Dangerous Vehicle Abatement Law, requiring drivers who get five camera-issued red-light tickets or 15 camera-issued speeding tickets within any 12-month period to take a traffic safety course. If an owner fails to complete the course, their vehicle may be seized and impounded by NYC’s Sheriff.

› Verified 1 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/traffic-safety-trends-state-legislative-action-2020.aspx Go Now

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Wide Shot (or Establishing Shot) Pan V/O SOT

Details: steady your camera – i.e. set the camera on a desk, lean against a tree or a wall, put the camera on top of a trashcan, etc. If you must shoot without a tripod or other support, shoot a wider angle shot. The wider the focal length, the steadier the shot.

› Verified 7 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/Portals/1/Documents/LINCS/Video_Tutorial_JeffFossett.pdf Go Now

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State Ignition Interlock Laws

Details: Ignition interlock installation is mandatory following the mandatory license suspension period for violators who had BAC over 0.20 at time of arrest. Any person who has been found guilty of DUI within the prior 10 years, installation of an ignition interlock is …

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› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/state-ignition-interlock-laws.aspx/ Go Now

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Many Issues Remain on Body-Worn Cameras > National

Details: The law also excludes officers from being disciplined for minor violations caught on camera. The battery life must be at least 10 hours and the cameras must capture 30 seconds of video immediately proceeding the start of a recording. Records must be saved for at least 90 days, longer if it is flagged for a complaint against an officer, if force

› Verified 1 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/blog/2016/08/08/many-issues-remain-on-body-worn-cameras.aspx Go Now

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2019 Consumer Data Privacy Legislation

Details: Requires a developer of a website or software application that uses the microphone or camera functionality of a device to collect audio or image data to disclose the data that is being collected and the reason it is being collected to the user. CALIFORNIA. CA AB 25. Signed by Governor

› Verified 2 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/telecommunications-and-information-technology/consumer-data-privacy.aspx Go Now

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TRENDS Officer, You’re on Camera V

Details: Officer, You’re on Camera V ideo captured by a bystander on his cell phone in South Carolina this past April shows a police officer firing eight shots and killing an unarmed man fleeing after a traffic stop. That video was crucial in determining which charges, if any, to file against the officer, as it …

› Verified 2 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/Portals/1/Documents/magazine/articles/2015/SL_0615-Trends.pdf Go Now

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BODY WORN CAMERAS: STATE LAWS & RECENT LEGISLATION

Details: RECENTLY ENACTED LEGISLATION Connecticut HB 6004: Requires Adoption: Requires state, municipal and tribal law enforcement to use body cameras and dashboard cameras by July 1, 2022. Funding: Authorizes $4 million in bonds for a new grant program to fund related equipment and service purchases by municipalities. Grants can cover 30-50% of equipment costs and funding for digital …

› Verified 8 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/Portals/1/Documents/nlssa/nlssa/MD_BWC_Widgery_Slides.pdf Go Now

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Appendix J. State Policies Regarding Use of Traffic Cameras

Details: camera radar. Virginia §46.2-833.1 §15.2-968.1 Authorizes counties, cities, and towns to operate red light cameras at no more than 1 intersection for every 10,000 residents, requires local ordinance. Authorizes up to ten camera sites in Washington DC metro area. Washington RCW 46.63 Cities and Counties statewide are authorized to

› Verified 4 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/Portals/1/documents/transportation/J-trafcamera07.pdf Go Now

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Legislative Broadcasts and Webcasts

Details: Live webcasts of legislative floor proceedings are available in all 50 state legislatures, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. At least 24 states and D.C. also broadcast legislative proceedings on television, ranging from special programs or limited coverage to full gavel-to-gavel coverage in some states.

› Verified 5 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/about-state-legislatures/legislative-webcasts-and-broadcasts.aspx Go Now

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Under Review: Policing in America

Details: Body-camera opponents are concerned about loss of privacy, abuse of public surveillance and a potential chilling effect on free expression. In addition, police officers worry that recordings could be misused by supervisors in employment decisions and could limit their discretion, even in showing leniency for minor infractions.

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/civil-and-criminal-justice/policing-under-review.aspx Go Now

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Current Unmanned Aircraft State Law Landscape

Details: Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), commonly called unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or drones, have a host of applications: law enforcement, land surveillance, wildlife tracking, search and rescue operations, disaster response, border patrol and photography among others. Many state legislatures are debating if and how UAS technology should be regulated.

› Verified 5 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/current-unmanned-aircraft-state-law-landscape.aspx Go Now

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No Green Light for Red Light, Speed Camera Bans in

Details: After making it clear he was opposed to an outright ban on the use of automated enforcement for red-light and speed violations, Colorado Governor John

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› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/blog/2015/06/09/no-green-light-for-red-light-speed-camera-bans-in-colorado.aspx Go Now

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Traffic Safety Trends State Legislative Action 2019

Details: The camera helps ensure the person using the interlock is the driver. Missouri and Vermont have GPS and camera requirements for some offenders. Although Colorado has no requirement in the statute, the Division of Motor Vehicle’s (DMV) contracts with ignition interlock vendors require all devices to have cameras.

› Verified 1 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/traffic-safety-trends-state-legislative-action-2019.aspx Go Now

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Law, Criminal Justice and Public Safety Committee “Eyes on

Details: worn camera legislation and 15 of those states enacted new measures. Issues addressed in body-camera legislation include creating study committees, setting standards for police use, protecting privacy, creating funding opportunities for law enforcement agencies, and applying body camera recordings to eavesdropping and open records laws.

› Verified 8 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/documents/summit/summit2015/onlineresources/body-camera-handout.pdf Go Now

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TRENDS Smile, the Camera’s on You

Details: Smile, the Camera’s on You. OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 2016 6 STATE LEGISLATURES TRENDS To see how the states compare in terms of registered firearms per capita, CBS News looked at data from the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record, which is maintained by the Bureau of Alcohol,

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› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/Portals/1/Documents/magazine/articles/2016/SL_1016-Trends.pdf Go Now

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Criminal Justice Database and Bill Tracking

Details: Body-Worn Camera Laws Database. Body-worn cameras are recording devices police officers wear as part of their uniforms to document what they see as they perform their duties. Body cameras continue to be a significant focus for state law makers as they consider and enact legislation to address police-community relations, as tracked in our database.

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/civil-and-criminal-justice/criminal-justice-databases-and-bill-tracking.aspx Go Now

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Facial Recognition and Biometrics

Details: With citizens facing the ever-growing threat of identity theft and fraud, and with advances in camera and monitoring technology, the science fiction image of using iris and facial scans to enhance security is becoming a reality. Biometric screening technology allows users …

› Verified 5 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/civil-and-criminal-justice/facial-recognition-and-biometrics.aspx Go Now

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Transportation Issues, Aviation, Funding and Analysis from

Details: Transportation issues addressed by NCSL include access, mobility, aviation, drivers licenses, transportation funding and finance, gas taxes and much more.

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/school-bus-video-monitoring-chart.aspx Go Now

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Improving School Bus Safety

Details: Several recent high-profile school bus crashes have raised the profile of the yellow school bus and sparked debate about their safety in statehouses across the country. Legislatures have recently focused on requiring seat belts on school buses and using cameras mounted on stop arms to cite drivers who illegally pass a stopped school bus.

› Verified 7 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/improving-school-bus-safety.aspx Go Now

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NCSL Talks Hollywood: Women on Screen and Behind the

Details: NCSL Talks Hollywood: Women on Screen and Behind the Camera By Katie Ziegler Los Angeles— NCSL’s 2018 Legislative Summit brought more than 5,000 people to Los Angeles, and the Women’s Legislative Network closed out the week by putting Hollywood front and center.

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School Bus Video Monitoring for Violation of Passing Laws

Details: safety camera do not go on the driver’s record. West Virginia W. Va. Code § 17C-12-7 Every county board of education is authorized to mount a camera on any school bus for the purpose of enforcing this section or for any other lawful purpose.

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/documents/transportation/Schoolbusmonitor.pdf Go Now

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Computer Crime Statutes

Details: All 50 states have computer crime laws; most address unauthorized access or computer trespass. Some state laws also directly address other specific types of computer crime, such as spyware, phishing, denial of service attacks, and ransomware, as shown below.

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/telecommunications-and-information-technology/computer-hacking-and-unauthorized-access-laws.aspx Go Now

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Foster Care Bill of Rights

Details: Foster Children's Bill of Rights; State Bill/Statute Summary/Language; Arizona. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 8-529; 2009 Ariz. Sess. Laws, SB 1209, Chap. 159. Establishes a list of rights granted to all children in foster care, and additional rights for foster children older than age 16.

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/research/human-services/foster-care-bill-of-rights.aspx Go Now

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TraacCaeasffic Cameras: CaptuCaptu g o at o sring

Details: camera laws. Guiding Principles • Photo radar syy, pppstems, without appropriate safeguards, are highly susceptible to misuse and abuse. It is important that traffic safety and law enforcement tools be understood by andlaw enforcement tools be understood by and accepted by the public.

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/documents/transportation/HBahadori1204.pdf Go Now

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Executive Summary

Details: Currently, 21 states require IIDs to be equipped with a camera. In Missou-ri and Vermont, interlocks have to be equipped with a GPS in addition to a camera. Although Colorado’s law does not explicitly require cameras, the state’s Division of Motor Vehicles contracts with IID vendors

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/Portals/1/Documents/transportation/Ignition_Interlock_Laws_v02_36921.pdf Go Now

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VIDEO EDITING GUIDELINES

Details: A jump cut occurs when you have two consecutive shots with an exact or similar camera set up, but a difference in the subject… or the same subject in 2 different positions. It happens most often when editing interviews when going from one piece of A-Roll to another, or going from Voice Over with the subject to the same subject in an interview.

› Verified 7 days ago

› Url: https://www.ncsl.org/Portals/1/Documents/LINCS/Video_Editing_Guidelines_JeffFossett.pdf Go Now

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